Muscular Dystrophy Treatment
Muscular dystrophies are termed to a group of diseases regard as genetic disorder. It is believed that ‘a defective gene’ is responsible for the disease. An individual with muscular dystrophy contains false or missing information in his genetic structure. Due to this incorrect information, the protein, dystrophin that is responsible for formation, structure and functioning of muscles, does not form. As the name suggests, in diseases of muscular dystrophies, voluntary muscles and skeletal muscles of the body are subjected to progressive weakness. Voluntary muscles are responsible for the control of the movement. Defects in muscle proteins lead the death of the tissues and muscle cells. It affects different physical systems of the patients like digestive system, nervous system, endocrine glands and eyes.
In some forms of diseases heart muscles and other involuntary muscles are also affected badly. It may be hereditary or not may be hereditary. The deterioration of the muscles is starts from the external muscles and gradually it spreads to the other muscular part of the body. Later on internal organs of the body like heart and lungs are affected and started to destroy their muscles.
Symptoms and severity of diseases may vary with patient. There are 9 major kinds of muscular dystrophy.
- • Duchenne muscular dystrophy
- • Becker muscular dystrophy
- • Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy
- • Congenital muscular dystrophy
- • Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy
- • Myotonic muscular dystrophy
- • Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy
- • Distal muscular dystrophy
- • Emery-dreifuss muscular dystrophy
All nine diseases badly affect the muscles and hence normal living ability of the patient can be affected severely too. All groups of diseases affect and weaken the muscles group with different way.
DUCHENNE MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY
Duchenne MD affects male child. If we think about the root cause of the disease, it is a genetic defect and identified as the lack of a protein called dystrophin. Distrophin protein is responsible to maintain muscles integrity and to keep the strength of muscles. In absence of dystrophin protein, muscles undergo breaking down and step by step, increasingly muscles turn out to be weaker. Between the age of 3 to 5, symptoms starts to appear and at the age of twelve, most of patients lose their walking ability. Next step of disease may more severe that is problem in breathing due to affected muscles of lungs. He has to take help of respirator to breath. They may suffer from muscle tightness in joints. Some patients may suffer with scoliosis. In scoliosis spine of a patient is subject to curve. At the age of about twenty, it is become hard to survive for the patient. Female child contains 50% chance of passing the faulty gene to her children.
BECKER MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY
Another muscular dystrophy disease is becker muscular dystrophy, which has its less effect on patient with comparison to Duchene MD. Like DMD, BMD affects only male person and generally shows its effect in old age. In Becker Muscular Dystrophy distrophin is produced incomplete or partial. BMD patients can live their normal life with more or less problems in breathing and heart functions. They may suffer with muscle and bone problems but they can undergo normal life and do not require additional support like wheel chairs.
EMERY-DREIFUSS MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY
Symptoms of Emery-dreifuss are started in late childhood to teen ages. With comparing to DMD it is less severe. Like DMD it also affects only male persons. Patients with emery-dreifuss are suffered from muscle tightness and other joint problems. Muscles of shins, shoulders and upper arms are affected in EDMD. It may also affect heart muscles.
LIMB-GIRDLE MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY (LGMD)
LGMD affects male and female child. The LGMD is also affects the muscles of upper arms and shoulders. It also affects the muscles of thighs and hips. It is a kind of muscular dystrophy that may seen in early childhood to adulthood. Development of LGMD occurs slowly but later on patient may need wheelchair to move. There are many types of LGMD seen.
Fascioscapulohumeral MD is mostly starting to shows its effect in their teenage. Like BDMD and LGMD, it affects genders, boys and girls. It starts in teenage or early adulthood. Progressive weakness of muscles is seen in the facial muscles and muscles of shoulders. They may have trouble in raising the arms. Due to weakening of facial muscles they have problem in closing the eyes. In some cases muscles of lower legs are also seen affected.
MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY (MMD)
In Myotonic kind of muscular dystrophy, patients suffer from the tendency of muscles of hard relaxing. They may also suffer from wasting of the weaken muscles. They suffer from the progressive weakening of the muscles. They may suffer from heart problems.
CONGENITAL MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY (CMD)
Generally CMD kind of disease is seen in younger children. Boys and girls may affect equally with CMD. Of all kinds of muscular diseases, CMD is tough to diagnose perfectly. Progressive weakness of muscles affects patient that gradually shows its effect on patient’s body.
Diagnosis made easy by the muscle biopsy, increased level of creatine phosphokinase (C.P.K.), electromyography, electrocardiography and DNA analysis.
Such types of genetic disorders do not find its perfect cure in new medical science. At kudrati ayurved, we are been able to get success to improve strength of the patient’s muscles as well as his condition.